Half Marathon Training Tips For Beginners (How to Train)
Half Marathon Training Tips For Beginners (How to Train)
Holly MartinMay 15, 2020
Training for your first half marathon? Congratulations! The half marathon race distance is a big goal for a lot of runners—it’s far enough to challenge your body and mind, without taking you quite as far as the full marathon distance.
If it’s your first half marathon it might seem like an intimidating ambition, but our half marathon training tips for beginners will get you ready for the race line in no time.
After all, you’ll need some structure to your training, you’ll probably want to venture into the world of sports nutrition and fueling, and the weeks ahead might include some of the longest runs you’ve done so far. Fortunately, we can help but those fears to rest. With the following half marathon training tips, we’ll walk you through three ways to train smarter, not harder.
Follow along and we’ll show you how to train for a half marathon (the right way)!
Top 3 Half Marathon Training Tips for Beginners
Tip #1: Include a “Pre-Training” Phase
First off, don’t rush the process when you’re preparing to run a half marathon—it’s all about that base. Jumping straight into a training plan isn’t recommend due to the demands of the weeks ahead. The best way to train for a half marathon is take it slow.
Learn how to prepare for a half marathon—from start to finish (which is what you’re already doing by reading this).
Taking four weeks or so before the start of your “official” training cycle can help ease in. Use this time to make sure you’ve got the appropriate level of fitness and endurance for your 12-16 week training cycle. This can be especially helpful for new runners to build confidence before tackling the training needed for your big race.
Build-Up Half Marathon Tips
Here are some things to consider in your build-up:
Commit to 3-4 weekly training runs. Just 3-5 miles per run will do the trick to build you up to 9-20 miles per week. Newbies, stay on that lower end. Experienced runners, you can aim for the higher end of the weekly mileage.
Think about what habits you need to build into your training cycle. Getting to bed at a reasonable hour, having post-run fuel prepped and ready to go, and carving out time for daily mobility are all great starting points.
Now is the time to make mobility a habit. Just 10 minutes a day can loosen up tight muscles and help improve your range of motion. Coach Holly has a video to guide you through a mobility routine in “Beginner Runners’ Guide to Stretching and Mobility.”
In addition to using this base-building phase to prepare your body, these can be the weeks to gather your gear:
Running shoes—test out a few pairs at your local running store to find the right fit for you.
Running clothes—make sure to have weather-appropriate clothing not only for training but also race day.
Fueling—While your training runs in the first few weeks will be short enough you might not need calories mid-run, you’ll probably want some form of nutrition as your training progresses. Whether that’s energy gels or sports drink, think about what you’ll want to practice with during your training.
Now, we all have to start somewhere with our training. So maybe you did a search for a training plan, or you talked to your personal trainer about their half marathon training tips. You found a spreadsheet with all the columns filled out. Eight weeks from start to finish, with weekly workouts and runs all lined up, right? We’re not pointing any fingers, but it’s important to take that spreadsheet with a grain of salt.
After all, these training schedules are pretty generic. They don’t necessarily take into account your fitness level, your work and home life schedule, or the days that you wake up feeling less than stellar. When your training is laid out day-by-day, mile-by-mile, it’s easy to fall into a trap of thinking that you have to follow the plan to a T.
Instead, make the plan follow you with the right balance. Here are some tips to help you make that happen:
Muscles are feeling sore? Spend some extra time mobilizing. Foam rolling and working on your range of motion can help limber up your muscles so they’re ready for the next workout. This can also be an important step to prevent common overuse injuries. Check out the following videos for some ideas:
Listen to your body and rearrange things accordingly. By all means, get the work in, but NOT at the expense of an early injury or poor running form. You can supplement your plan with cross-training, running on a treadmill, or mixing up your rest days depending on how you feel.
Tip #3: Running Isn’t The Only Way To Prepare For a Half Marathon
Don’t be fooled into thinking that getting better at running can only come from running more. This is a classic misconception that can often lead to excessive wear and tear on the body as well as overuse injuries. The great news is, you can build strength and skill as a runner through strength training as well as getting in those miles.
Strength training brings a variety of benefits:
Build muscle by adding weight to movements.
Start with bodyweight and add weight or load as you get comfortable. Adding just five pounds to your lunges will make running uphill feel that much easier.
Develop hip stability, core engagement, and upper body strength to supplement your running.
Adding supplemental movements such as glute bridges, planks, and push ups target strength for the whole body.
Practice controlled breathing patterns while not under the stress of running.
Taking big belly breaths by engaging the diaphragm can be difficult when we’re pushing the pace on a run. Instead, spend time consciously breathing while moving through a squat or when doing push ups.
Moving under greater ranges of motion than you would use while running can help build stability and control.
For example, a lunge puts your rear leg into full hip extension. When you run, your rear leg also goes into extension. By training lunges outside of running, you’ll be able to practice this range of motion without having to actually run. And as a bonus, you can improve your strength and muscular endurance at the same time!
Strength training just twice a week, for 20-30 minutes per day is all you need to gain access to a full range of motion and stable control in all of the joints being impacted by those miles- i.e. hips, ankles, knees, you name it.
Favorite Strength Exercises
Some of our favorite tried and true strength movements:
Push-ups: A simple and effective way to find your midline, access your glutes, stabilize the shoulders…the list goes on.
Squats: These strengthen the leg muscles that carry you through every stride.
Lunges: These improve mobility, engage your core, and build leg strength.
Planks: They engage your core, which helps you maintain good posture while running.
Burpees: They are a great cardio activity to get your heart pumping and increase your cardiovascular ability!
The best part…you don’t even need a gym for most of this stuff! Try this follow-along bodyweight strength workout to see how simple it can be:
Bonus Tip: Prep For Race Day In Advance
Your weeks of training will give you plenty of time to think about race day itself. It doesn’t hurt to think ahead about how you’ll prepare for the starting line. Check out the video below for some of Coach Holly’s race day tips and logistics:
Know your race course: scout out the course in person or check out a map so you have an idea of what to expect.
Have a plan for race morning: use your race’s website to know what time you should arrive, where the start line and bag drops are, and where restrooms are located at the start and along the course.
Get in the habit of including a dynamic warm up before every run and workout during training. Use that warm up on race day to lumber up, dispel any nerves, and get ready to run!
Preparing for a Half Marathon
Put these half marathon training tips into practice and you’ll be prepared from the very beginning of your training program all the way to the finish line!
Don’t forget to download our mobile app to access full training programs (including our 8 week Half Marathon Program!), an active running community, and new workouts every week.